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.:: Ball Lightning / Plasma Generation ::.

Purpose:

The purpose of this experiment is to create ball lighting via microwave stimulated plasma and observe its behavior in the elecromagnetic field.


Materials:

- Basic 2.458GHz resonant cavity (w/ 1kW magnetron)
- Small flame (peice of lit paper)
- Plate or non flamable surface (to protect the base of the microwave cavity)


Procedure:

- Place small flame on a plate
- Place the plate inside the microwave cavity (oven)
- Activate the magnetron
- Turn off after a few seconds of ball lightning to avoid dammage to cavity


Images:

The following series of images were taken from a video recording of the experiment. There is a 33.4mS delay between each frame. There are 4 different sequences of various balls of plasma rising.


Sequence 01:


Frame 01 (0mS)


Frame 02 (33.4mS)


Frame 03 (66.8mS)


Frame 04 (100.2mS)


Frame 05 (133.6mS)


Frame 06 (167.0mS)


Frame 07 (200.4mS)


Frame 08 (233.8mS)


Frame 09 (267.2mS)


Frame 10 (300.6mS)


Frame 11 (334.0mS)


Sequence 02:


Frame 01 (0mS)


Frame 02 (33.4mS)


Frame 03 (66.8mS)


Frame 04 (100.2mS)


Frame 05 (133.6mS)


Frame 06 (167.0mS)


Frame 07 (200.4mS)


Frame 08 (233.8mS)


Frame 09 (267.2mS)


Sequence 03:


Frame 01 (0mS)


Frame 02 (33.4mS)


Frame 03 (66.8mS)


Frame 04 (100.2mS)


Frame 05 (133.6mS)


Frame 06 (167.0mS)


Frame 07 (200.4mS)


Sequence 04:


Frame 01 (0mS)


Frame 02 (33.4mS)


Frame 03 (66.8mS)


Frame 04 (100.2mS)


Frame 05 (133.6mS)


Frame 06 (167.0mS)


Frame 07 (200.4mS)


Frame 08 (233.8mS)


Frame 09 (233.8mS)


Frame 10 (233.8mS)


Videos:


plasma001.mpg (6.30MB)

This clip shows plasma being stimulated by microwave (2.45GHz) and then with carbon in the system.


Results:

After analyzing these sequences the following conclusions and approximations can be made.

- Plasma ball rises about 100mS after formation (after the first formation)
- Plasma balls can be maintained for up to about 300mS
- Plasma balls can remain in flight for up to about 200mS
- Plasma ball diameter can reach about 10cm
- Plasma rise velocity reaches a maximum of about 1.5m/s to 2.0m/s (in still air)
- If a small plasma ball begins to rise another one often follows it because of the remaining power which is enough to support another small plasma ball

Copyright Rostislav Persion 2004